This country report on Indonesia provides the background for the Urban Sanitation Review for the East Asia and Pacific Region. The country report was prepared through a consultative process in Indonesia which included meetings with central and local government authorities, review of sanitation operations in the cities of Medan, Surakarta, Palembang, and Banjarmasin, and a workshop that was held in Jakarta on February 21, 2013. This report has been prepared with the fi nancial support of an AusAID grant.