Integrated Port Network: Indonesia as the world’s maritime axis
The Water Agency has just expanded the Port Academy into Port Academy Series with the vision that even after the challenge has ended, the learning process and discussion can still continue. Since webinar is becoming more popular after the coronavirus pandemic, The Water Agency is bringing the first Webinar to Port Academy 2020 participants. Titled Indonesia Maritime Outlook: Integrated Port Network (Indonesia Maritime for the Next 5 years), the webinar sure gives a refreshing insight into where the Ministry is heading to.
The Ministry Direction
Following the new cabinet and Presidential Decree, the Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs & Investment now coordinates seven ministries: Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM), Ministry of Public Works and Public Housing (PUPR), Ministry of Transportation (Kemenhub), Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK), Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries (KKP), Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy (Kemenparekraf), and Investment Coordinating Board (BKPM). This is to ensure the steady coordination between ministries to move as one under President Jokowi's direction.
Mr. Lukijanto mentioned that Indonesia's maritime economic potential is expected to be $ 1.33 trillion/year. One of the most promising and rising industries in the maritime economy is the tourism, thus the Government of Indonesia is looking at developing ten tourism destinations priority by building world-class ports to facilitate cruise ships.
However, three main factors hinder cruise ship to dock in Indonesia, namely the infrastructure for big ships to dock has not met the technical specifications needed, more expensive tariff compared to other countries, and overlap regulations between ministries. To tackle those hindrances, the Ministry has planned out the development of connectivity infrastructure for growth and equitable development, starting with developing and integrating ports across Indonesia while not forgetting the importance of supporting infrastructure like airports.
Integrated Port Network
Integrated Port Network is the embodiment of Indonesia vision as the world's maritime axis, starting with integrating the ports as one system then connecting the port to the industrial area, thus creating connectivity.
Mr. Lukijanto then further explained this by giving a study case. Bekasi, Karawang, and Purwakarta are well known as industrial areas. The idea for this is that the cargo will be checked in Cikarang Dry Port so when the cargo arrived in Tanjung Priok, there will not be a long dwelling time and vice versa. This is how the Hub and Spoke concept helps to reduce the cargo fee.
Furthermore, he explained how we can reduce the logistic fee in the port. Firstly is by optimizing the shipping network, then upgrading and standardizing the port using Integrated Port Network concept, lastly by making efficient use of land transportation to prevent cargo imbalance charge.
In realizing Integrated Port Network, a port should be run by a system to digitally run the services in the port operation to increase efficiency. One port that has successfully implemented this is the Indonesia Port Corporation, where the Port Academy 2020 participants have seen firsthand at how the Marine Operating System runs the port operation.
Seeing at how coronavirus pandemic change the way we're doing things remotely, I hope that the alumni of Port Academy can come up with innovative solutions to help solve the problems in IndonesiaLukijanto
There's a lot of potential in technology for the maritime sector and in the limited condition like this, we will rely more on technology than ever. Mr. Lukijanto encouraged the younger generation to seize the opportunities ahead and come up with new ideas while also adopt the entrepreneurship spirit to create jobs for more people.
About the speaker
The Water Agency invited one of the Port Academy 2020 experts from the Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs & Investment, Dr. Eng. Lukijanto as the speaker in this Webinar. He was a researcher in Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT) and now is the Deputy Director of Infrastructure for Water Resources & Coastal Engineering.
Written by Carrina Lim (The Water Agency Indonesia)