A 7.0-magnitude earthquake rocked the island of Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara (NTB) on Sunday, just a week after a 6.4-magnitude quake hit the same area.
It also followed two quakes that occurred earlier on Sunday, a 5.6-magnitude one on the Mentawai Islands, West Sumatra, and a 5.2 one on the island of Flores, East Nusa Tenggara (NTT).
According to the Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG), the earthquake was felt at 7:46 p.m. local time with an epicenter located 18 kilometers southwest of East Lombok with a depth of 15 km.
The agency initially placed the northern part of East and West Lombok on a tsunami alert soon after the quake but the alert was revoked at around 9:30 p.m. local time.
"Tsunami waves did hit the coast, but only at a height of 9 to 13 centimeters. The waves didn't cause damage or casualties," National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB) spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho said in a statement on Sunday.
The tremor was felt in neighboring Bali and some parts of East Java.
As of Monday evening, the BNPB has recorded at least 98 deaths and 236 injuries as a result of the quake. Thousands of buildings were damaged and thousands of people fled their homes after the tsunami alert.
The worst hit area was North Lombok regency, where at least 72 people were killed and 64 were injured. Sutopo said most of the deaths were caused by falling building debris.
Power outages also hit North and East Lombok, while Lombok International Airport sustained some minor damage and halted operations temporarily before resuming at 8:30 p.m. local time on Sunday.
Several buildings in Bali were also damaged by the quake, including the Denpasar Cathedral and Ngurah Rai International Airport, but airport operations continued as normal.
The initial earthquake was followed by over 132 aftershocks, and many residents remain unwilling to return to their homes for fear of another tremor.
Below is what we know so far about the earthquake.
Indonesia, which sits on the so-called "Ring of Fire", is one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world.
Lombok is located in between two earthquake "generators", namely the Flores back arc thrust to the north and the boundary of the Sunda and Indo-Australian tectonic plates to the south.
The BMKG said this quake and the 6.4-magnitude one last week were caused by upward movement of the Flores back arc thrust fault.
The thrust fault was formed due to friction with the Indo-Australian plate and was mapped in a 1981 joint expedition between the University of California Santa Cruz and the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI).
The Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation Center (PVMBG) at the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry said the area of the epicenter of the quake consisted mostly of volcanic sediment that had been raised up and weather-beaten.
The weathered nature of the sediment can strengthen the effects of a vibration, which makes the area susceptible to earthquakes.
The BNPB said it was working together with the Indonesian Military (TNI), the National Police, the National Search and Rescue Agency (Basarnas) and several ministries and non-governmental organizations for its emergy response.
"The focus is currently on searching for, rescuing and aiding residents that were affected by the earthquake and fulfilling their basic needs," Sutopo said in a press conference on Monday.
The TNI sent three planes to Lombok carrying medicine, logistics, tents, communication devices and food on Monday morning, while state-owned electricity company PLN said in a statement it was working to restore power to East and North Lombok.
As of Monday evening, the authority was still evacuating foreign and domestic tourists on three small islands in North Lombok – Gili Trawangan, Gili Air and Gili Meno. The authority initially estimated that there were around 1,000 tourists, but it later found there were many more. As of 3 p.m. on Monday, a joint team led by Basarnas had evacuated 2,700 tourists from the three Gilis.
Basarnas utilized nine ships from various sources to transport tourists and hospitality workers on the three Gilis. At 7 p.m. Jakarta time, Basarnas' public relations account on Twitter @humas_basarnas said that 3,043 people had been transported from the islands to the main island Lombok.
"There are many more, we ask for your patience, we're doing our best and our fastest," the agency tweeted.